Since it came into use products of the oil industry, human minds never left the question of how to extend the possessions of the fossil resource. For many years the struggle continued for “a place under the sun.”
After the publication of a number of alternative energy inventions and their implementation in real life, there is a new field for competition for resources, only now renewable.
One of the most promising and environmentally friendly methods of producing electricity is the use of biofuels as a raw material. A well-known fact that for the production of biofuels, scientists use various kinds of live microorganisms that are in the process of life to form new compounds (molecules) through the conversion of carbon into carbon dioxide. The scientific community quickly stepped forward, set a goal to develop and implement the technology of recycling carbon dioxide into biofuel feedstocks. This innovation will significantly reduce the costs in developing environmentally friendly electricity generation and ensure a complete independence from diminishing every year reserves of “black gold”.
It is worth noting the effectiveness of this method of creating biofuel as an electric biosynthesis. It is the ability electrotrafic organisms produce organic molecules from H2O and oxygen, using electric current and absorbing CO2.
At this stage, the industry is working with the usual methods of production of biofuel feedstock from crops. The main problem in this plane is the processing of very large volumes of slightly less than 100 million tons each year.
The stumbling block in the development of biofuels through the use of agricultural crops is the fact that these cultures are suitable for consumption as food products. On this basis, the scientists emerged with a new goal – to reduce the use of high value crops. It is important to leave the data of the biofuels unchanged. Research in this matter given the result in the form of biofuels, “second generation”. Innovative technologies allow to obtain the necessary resources from plant materials that are not suitable for consumption. Those materials which were previously disposed of recklessly, now acquired significance. Of the most used allocate sawdust produced during wood, straw, etc. Recycling this type of material can vary in several techniques: preparation of catalysts, carbon dioxide or ethyl alcohol. The carbon catalysts can be used intact in the automotive or aviation industry as fuel. Received the same ethanol can act as an effective additive to fuel.
The latest achievement in the production of biofuels is biofuels “4th generation”. In the formulation of the raw material used special live microorganisms, the photosynthetic cells are able to produce biofuel raw materials for some time ( more precisely – a few cycles of photosynthesis). To ensure the viability of the microorganisms will use the carbon dioxide.
Such developments in the field of alternative energy will reduce to a minimum the consumption of organic resources of nature and push humanity to new productive branches of energy-efficient development.